Maldives airport extension takes off

The Maldives airport expansion and runway paving project faced tight parameters as it tried to get ready for its 2019 deadline. Roads & Infrastructure magazine explains.

China-based Beijing Urban Construction Group (BUCG) is a large international construction group focussed primarily on general contracting, real estate development and design and consultancy. BUCG manages 120 subsidiary companies and 42 branch offices, including one publicly listed company, 27 exclusively invested companies and holding companies.

BUCG was hired as the general contractor for a massive $620 million  expansion and land reclamation effort for the Maldives Airport. Safety was a concern so BUCG used a range of software solutions to help improve safety and productivity of the personnel on the job, optimising operations and completing the project on time and within budget.

The office software solutions that were installed included Trimble Business Center- HCE, Trimble Connect, VisionLink, SketchUp Pro, Vico Office.

Field solutions included the company’s SPS985, GCS900, CCS900, and PCS900 software, as well as base stations and its Monitoring Solutions NetRS + T4D software and the TX8 for 3D scanning.

Features of the software included:

  Streamlined data sharing and workflow – Integrated data workflows lead to better collaboration and communication across the site. Crews have a dynamic schedule and project assignments, and a more holistic view of the project that enables users to make the right decision at the right time.

  Faster and more accurate paving and compaction – 3D paving control improved paving productivity and the smoothness of the airport surface and contributed to decreased labour costs with 10 fewer crew members required for every paver equipped with the software providers GCS900 system. Real-time compaction data was shared instantly to track and adjust the compaction process, reducing over compaction, optimising fuel use and machine runtime, and ensuring consistent compaction pass counts and meter values.

  Advanced surface monitoring – Ability to measure, analyse, visualise and report on any subgrade subsidence 24/7/365 with the ability to share data in

BUCG has constructed many of China’s namesake land development projects, including the National Stadium, the National Theater for the Performing Arts, the National Museum, the National Indoor Stadium, the Olympic Basketball Stadium, the Olympic Village, and Terminal 3 of Beijing Capital International Airport.

For its innovative approaches and steadfast reputation for meeting project goals, in 2016 BUCG was awarded the contract for the expansion of the Ibrahim Nasir International Airport on Hulhule island in the Maldives, which is part of the Indian Ocean island group. Scheduled for completion in late 2019, the expansion will include a new 3,800 metre-long and 65 metre-wide runway, a fuel farm, a cargo complex and a new terminal.

The new runway will also open the airport to the Airbus A380 jetliner, the world’s largest passenger airline. The fuelling area for planes will have a storage capacity of 42 million litres and a cargo complex with the capacity to handle 120,000 tons.

In addition to requiring mass excavation, fine grading and precise runway paving and compaction, the Maldives Airport expansion also required land reclamation work. To complete the runway, four million cubic metres of sand was removed from the inner lagoon adjacent to airport, which was also dredged in 2012 during a previous expansion. Revetment work was also needed to absorb the energy of incoming water, using asphalt and sand bags with a geotextile filter. BUCG hired several subcontractors for the dredge work and to complete the gas and utility lines for the fuel farm, and a Building Information Modeling (BIM) consultant was hired to create a BIM implementation plan.

Facing tight parameters, and looking to streamline data flow and communication across the build, team leaders at BUCG reached out to Trimble and MAG Science & Technology Co for help. After completing a site consultation and a detailed recommendations report, BUCG implemented several Trimble office software and field solutions. Trimble technology partners from

 Germany, Australia and Shanghai also supported the implementation and training efforts with MAG supported onsite installations and services.   

Improved collaboration, information sharing and scheduling 

General Manager from MAG Building Division, Mr. Guan Shuan says that they started by implementing Trimble Connect to enable a much more integrated data workflow across the jobsite. The connect solution is a cloud-based platform that powers information and data exchange between owners, architects, subcontractors, engineers and trades that traditionally leverage different software and hardware tools.

With built-in connections from the connect solution to these other tools being used on the project, users unified cloud-based access to all drawings, project documentation and 3D constructible models for the project, through the connect mobile app orweb-based service.

“On a project of this size, it’s common for people to use different methods, like email, social media and mobile apps, like WeChat, for communication and information sharing,” says Mr. Guan “We wanted a centralised database for capturing all of this project information, and that is what Trimble Connect delivered.

“You can have all of your drawings and 3D models in the same location, and everyone has access to the same data. Data is connected from the office to the site, so there’s a level of clear transparency on the jobsite, on the quality and on the schedule.”

The team is using Vico Office to generate 4D schedules and estimates directly from 3D models, which are also uploaded to the cloud through the app solution. The BUCG team likes that model elements in Vico Office can easily be turned into schedule tasks by location using the schedule planner application.

Those tasks are dependency-linked and optimised to create a Flowline plan. They believe model-based estimating and the ability to plan and create detailed and accurate estimates and schedules have been critical in keeping the project on track.

Faster and more accurate paving, plus real-time compaction data

The team hit a project milestone in August 2017 when it completed the asphalt paving on the original Maldives Airport runway. Asphalt paving took three months from start to finish, with four pavers, each running the Trimble PCS900 Paving Control System and leveraging the Trimble SPS930 Universal Total Station for positioning. The elevation models were created digitally in Business Center-HCE and referenced by the PCS900 system during both milling and paving.

The paving control system used 3D automatic screed control capabilities to improve paving productivity and the smoothness of the airport surface. BUCG Project Manager, Mr. Joy Zhang, explained that with the 3D paving control system, one surveyor on the ground was able to manage three pavers, as opposed to conventional methods where two or three surveyors were needed for each paver. This has optimised the BUCG crew and increased productivity, allowing the team to relocate crew members to other tasks.

Twelve rollers followed the four pavers, with six utilising the Trimble CCS900 Compaction Control System. Each compactor also included a wireless modem connecting to a fleet management system called VisionLink from Trimble.  Information such as pass counts, temperatures and compaction meter values were captured, as well as data about material layers. This real-time information was accessible by crew leaders on site, via a mobile app, and in the office. The real-time data was used to make recommendations and adjustments to the compaction process.

With this information, the BUCG team was able to reduce over compaction, optimise fuel use and machine runtime, and ensure consistent compaction pass counts and meter values.

This was particularly important because of the composition of the reclaimed ground in Maldives, which can have “soft spots” that require additional compaction of surfaces at a rate of 24 to 36 times. Using VisionLink, subcontractors had the documentation to demonstrate they were hitting tolerances and that their compaction rates were in parallel with the design. This eliminated the possibility of any severe miscommunication onsite. The result was an overall increase in the surface quality and operational life of the runway. 

Mr. Zhang from BUCG said that the new runway is being constructed about 200 metres from the original runway, which added significant scheduling restraints and put an increased emphasis on safety and paving efficiency.

“The only window where paving work could be completed was between 1am and 5am, when flights were not running,” says Mr. Zhang.

“Because the prep work is done when you build the model, when the time window opens up we can just pave and then get to compaction. The PCS900 allowed all four pavers to work in synchronisation without running any string lines. This was critical to maintaining safety on site and was a significant contributor to our team’s paving success, saving time, effort and material.”

Improving job-site safety and operations 

For bulk earthworks and then fine grading work, the team also used the Trimble GCS900 Grade Control System on one dozer, one excavator and one motor grader. The machine control technology improved efficiency onsite by putting the design surfaces, grades and alignments inside the cab. The system uses construction total station technology to accurately position the blade or bucket in real time, reducing material overages and improving productivity.

For grading work, the team was able to train a compactor operator to use the GCS900 system on a motor grader very effectively, in a short amount of time. This was important because the team’s most experienced operator was set to retire in three months and it would have been costly to keep him on board. The GCS900 system was also used on the excavator extensively to lay communication lines, oil pipelines and other critical utilities.

“Without the GCS900 system ,we would have had to put people in the water to take measurements and monitor where we were digging,” says Mr. Zhang. “Instead, we were able to keep everyone safely away from the excavation because operators could watch the screen and excavate efficiently and directly in accordance with the design.”

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